|Ghawth al-Waqt Mufti A’zam Qutbe-‘Alam ‘Arife-Billah Aalur-RaHman MuHiyy al-Din Jilani Imam Mustafa RiDa al-Qadiri Barakati Noori Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho was born on 22 Zil-Hajj 1310 – 18 July 1892 in Bareilly Sharif, U.P., India. He was the youngest son of Qutbul-Irshad Imam al-Akbar A’la-HaDrat Imam AHmad RiDa al-Qadiri Barkati Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho the Mujdaddid of the 14th Century.
His ancestor, Shuja’at Jung MuHammad Sa’idullah Khan, accompanied Sultan Nadir Sha Abdali in 1739 AD on his first political expedition to Hindustan. Nadir Sha returned to Afghanistan but Shuja’at Jung MuHammad Sa’idullah Khan Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho decided to settle in Hindustan. In later years (between 1739 and 1748 AD), Sultan MuHammad Sha (d. 1748 AD), King of Delhi officially appointed him to the rank of Shash-Hazaari. This was indeed a very elite post in the Moghal Empire which was only entrusted to one of Royal Descent. The Moghal King also gave him The Glass Palace of Lahore and some districts in Rampur as his Jageer .
Later, by Divine Command, General MuHammad Sa’idullah Khan Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho settled in Bareilly which was then known as the capital of the famous Rohelkand District of the empire.
The following ancestral tree of HaDrat Mufti A’zam Imam Mustafa RiDa Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho was carefully constructed from the authentic Books of Genealogy and meticulously scrutinized with references to other books in this field. The ancestors were compared with dates and periods found in books written by Historians who were masters in this field. The following points were noted before compiling the Ancestral Tree:
– Preference was given to books compiled by Historians of Afghan descent/origin as they knew their descendants better than others.
– Furthermore, amongst the Afghani Historians, preference was given to Historians that belonged to the Bar’hech Tribe as the Ghawth al- Waqt Imam Mustafa RiDa Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho belonged to the Bar’hech Tribe.
– There is not much dispute in the Chain of the Ancestral Tree from Sayyiduna Nabi Adam Alaihis Salam to Sayyiduna Nabi IsHaq Alaihis Salam.
– The chain of the Family Tree from Sayyiduna Nabi IsHaq Alaihis Salam to HaDrat Malik Taloot Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho was extracted according to the citation found in the books of authors who belonged to the Bar’hech Tribe. This was so because people of a Tribe will have more genuine information of their ancestors in relation to others of different tribes.
– There is a consensus in Books of Ancestral Trees from HaDrat Malik Taloot Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho up to Sayyiduna Qais Malik ‘Abdur-Rashid Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho and so is the case from Sayyiduna ‘Abdur-Rashid to Bar’hech.
– From Bar’hech till HaDrat Shuja’at Jang MuHammad Sa’eedullah Khan the genealogy was extracted from Khulasatul-Ansab, Akhbar al-Sanadid and Bustan-e-Hikmat, whose authors are not only Afghanis, but belonged to the Bar’hech Tribe.
This is how cautiously this Family Tree from Sayyiduna Nabi Adam Alaihis Salam till Ghawth al-Waqt, HaDrat Mufti A’zam Qutbe-‘Alam’s Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho was constructed. The Ancestral Tree is as follows:
Imam Mustafa RiDa Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho s/o Mujaddid Imam AHmad RiDa Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho s/o Ra’isul-Atqiya Imam MuHammad Naqi ‘Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho s/o ‘Arife-Billah Imam RiDa ‘Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho s/o Mawlana Hafiz Kazim ‘Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho s/o Mawlana Sha MuHammad A’zam Khan Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho s/o Mawlana MuHammad Sa’adat Yaar Khan Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho s/o Shuja’at Jung MuHammad Sa’idullah Khan Bhadur Qandhari Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho s/o ‘Abdur-RaHman Khan Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho s/o Yusuf Khan Qandhari Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho s/o Dawlat Khan s/o Badal Khan s/o Da’ood Khan s/o Bar’hech Khan s/o Sharfud-Deen ‘Urf Shar’haboon s/o Ibra’him ‘Urf Sard’bun s/o Sayyiduna Qais Malik ‘Abdur-Rashid SaHabi Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho s/o ‘Ays Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho s/o Salool Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho s/o ‘Utba Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho s/o Na’eem Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho s/o Marra s/o Malik Jalandar s/o Malik Askandar Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho s/o Zaman s/o ‘Unais s/o Bah’lool s/o Sa’lam s/o SalaH s/o Qaroon s/o Nasr s/o Ashmu’ail s/o Na’eem s/o Akram s/o Ash’ath Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho s/o Sharood s/o Makhal s/o Nusrat s/o Qalaj s/o Sher s/o ‘Atham s/o Faylool s/o Karam s/o ‘Amaal s/o Hudayfa s/o Mat’hal s/o Qabal s/o ‘Ilm or ‘Aleem s/o Ash’mool s/o Haroon s/o Qamar s/o Abi s/o Su’heb s/o Talal s/o Lu’ee s/o ‘Ameel s/o Taraj s/o Arzand s/o Mandool s/o Saleem or Sa’lam s/o Afghana s/o Sarad al-Muqallab bi Malik Taloot s/o Qais s/o ‘Utbah s/o Talas s/o Ru’ail s/o Yahoodah s/o Sayyiduna Nabi Ya’qoob Alaihis Salam s/o Sayyiduna Nabi IsHaq Alaihis Salam s/o Khaleelullah Sayyiduna Nabi Ibra’him Alaihis Salam s/o Ta’rikh s/o Makhood or NaHoor s/o Shuroo’ or Ash’ragh s/o Sayyiduna Nabi Hood Alaihis Salam s/o ‘Abir s/o Sha’lakh s/o Araf’khashad s/o Saam s/o Sayyiduna Nabi NooH Alaihis Salam [age: 1400 years] s/o La’lak [age:780 years] s/o Malik Matla’shakh [age: 900 years] s/o Sayyiduna Nabi Idris Alaihis Salam s/o Bayarad s/o Mahla’heel s/o Qay’nan s/o Anoosh s/o Sayyiduna Nabi Sheeth Alaihis Salam [age: 912 years] s/o Sayyiduna Nabi Adam Alaihis Salam [age: 900 years]
HaDrat Mufti A’zam, Qutbe-‘Alam Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho belonged to the Afghani Bar’hech Tribe which was of Royal Descent. This was indeed a very respectable and noble tribe in Afghanistan. Great ‘Ulama and Masha’ikh hailed from this dignified tribe whose Mazars are still a centre of solace and spiritual enlightment for the people both in Afghanistan and Hindustan. A separate detailed book can be written about these great dignitaries. Since this a very brief introduction of the Imam, therefore no details will be recorded herein. However, an important point to note is that in the ancestry of Ghawth al-Waqt Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho, there are eight Prophets and one SaHabi. The Prophets are:
1) Sayyiduna Nabi Ya’qoob Alaihis Salam
The one SaHabi is Sayyiduna Qais Malik ‘Abdur-Rashid SaHabi Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho. He is the 43rd descendant of Afghana and 45th descendant of HaDrat Malik Taloot. Qais bin ‘Ays lived in the mountainous terrains of Ghour. In one of the Expeditions of Sayyiduna Khalid ibn Walid Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho, he became interested in Islam. So he took some of the leaders of Afghanistan and went to Madina al-Munawwara. They met the beloved Prophet of ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala and immediately accepted Islam on his sacred hands. Sayyiduna Rasoolullah Sallallaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam then said to him:”Qais is a Hebrew word and I am an Arab. The Prophet of ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala gave him the Islamic name ‘Abdur-Rashid. The Habib Sallallaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam further said: “You are the Awlad of Malik Taloot whom ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala blessed with the title of Malik (King). In the future you too will be remembered with the title of Malik.” This is how he got the title of Malik from the office of Prophethood.
It was in the Madinan period that the Beloved Nabi Sallallaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam was planning for the conquest of Makka and appointed Malik ‘Abdur-Rashid and the other Afghani SaHabi as the lead of the secret service scouts of the army led by Sayyiduna Khalid ibn Walid Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho. The Afghani Mujahids displayed their astonishing bravery in the battle of Makka. Sayyiduna Malik ‘Abdur-Rashid Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho himself killed 70 Kuf’far in this battle. His role and bravery in this war brought great joy to the heart of the Beloved Prophet Sallallaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam who predicted that a great family will emerge from the off-springs of this Sahabi. They will be steadfast on religion and will strengthen the Din of Islam like Bataan (conqueror with great bravery or Military Advisor). It was the effects of this Du’a of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah Sallallaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam that great ‘Ulama and Masha’ikh were born in the lineage of Sayyiduna Malik ‘Abdur-Rashid Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho. To name a few, some of the stars in the firmament of excellence were the great Mujaddid, Ala-HaDrat Imam AHmad Raza al-Qadiri Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho and his son, Ghawth al-Zaman Mufti A’zam Imam Mustafa RiDa al-Qadiri Noori Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho. Their services to the Din is known to the Muslim World and precisely the manifestations of the Du’as of the Beloved Prophet of ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala.
Since the Beloved Nabi’s Sallallaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam Du’a for the Awlad of Sayyiduna Malik ‘Abdur-Rashid Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho was that they will strengthen the Din and their strength will be like Bataan, from that day on he became famous by the title of “Bataan”. This word Bataan in later days changed to the present day name “Pathaan”. Eventually, the Awlad of Sayyiduna Malik ‘Abdur-Rashid Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho then became synonymous by the word Pathaan. This is how the word Pataan can into existence. Sayyiduna Malik ‘Abdur-Rashid Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho married Mutahira, the daughter of Sayyiduna Khalid ibn Walid Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho, and he passed away at the age of 87 years.
GLAD TIDINGS BEFORE THE MASTER’S BIRTH
Before the birth of the Ghawth, his father Imam AHmad RiDa Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho, was on a visit to the Mazar of his Murshid al-Kamil Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho in Marehra Sharif. It was on the night of 22nd of Zil-Hajj that the noble Imam Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho had a dream. He noticed in this dream that the full moon began descending towards the earth and it was many folds bigger than the earth. As it descended, its size began decreasing and its brilliance increased. So much so that it comfortably landed on his lap. That morning Ala-HaDrat Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho awoke for Tahajjud Salah and Almighty ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala inspired his heart with the correct interpretation of that dream. The Imam Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho immediately made WuDu and performed two Rak’ats of Shukr (thanks-giving) and named his son Aalur-RaHman.
That same day he performed the Salatul-Zuhr with the Qutb, Sirajul-‘Arifin, Sayyid Abul-Husain AHmade-Noori al-Husaini Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho in the Musjid of the Masha’ikh. After the Salah, he left the Musjid with the Qutb ‘Arife-Noori Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho. As the Qutb Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho reached the steps of the Musjid, he turned to Ala-HaDrat Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho as if he had already intercepted his dream and intention and said: “Mawlana SaHib! You must return to Bareilly as ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala has blessed you with a pious and gifted son. I suggest the name Aalur-RaHman Abul-Barakat MuHiyy al-Din Jilani for him. I will certainly come to Bareilly to see him and bestow all the Spiritual Secrets on him.” The Qutb also gave Ala-HaDrat Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho a five Rupee silver coin as a gift for the new-born son.
However, Imam AHmad RiDa Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho obeyed the command of the Qutb who was not only his Peer-Bhai but also his Teacher and immediately left for Bareilly. He reached Bareilly the same day and was delighted to see his new-born son. Imam AHmad RiDa Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho inquired about the time of the son’s birth and it was confirmed that it was the exact time that the Qutb Sayyid ‘Arife-Noori Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho, had intercepted when leaving the Musjid after Salatuz-Zuhr in Marehra. SubHanALLAH! What precise perception is bestowed upon the beloved servants of ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala!
The noble Imam Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho then kissed his son on the forehead, hugged him to his chest and said: “Welcome, O perfect Wali!” The arrival of this son brought great joy to all in the household because many daughters were born in his home after the first son, Hujjatul-Islam Mawlana Hamid RiDa Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho. There was an 18 year gap between the first son and the new arrival. Everyone in the family was so overjoyed that they celebrated his arrival for many months.
His father, Imam AHmad RiDa Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho, though chose the name Aalur-RaHman on the morning of his dream, but instead, he kept his name MuHammad when the Aqiqa was performed for two apparent reasons.
– Firstly, this was so because there are no limits of Barakat and blessing in the name MuHammad.
HIS BAY’AH AND KHILAFAT
On Wednesday, 25th Jamadiul-Thani 1310 / 3rd January 1894 as promised the great Qutb, Sayyidi Abul-Husain AHmad-e-Noori al-Husaini al-Qadiri Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho came to Bareilly, to visit the new born. The child was 6 months and 3 days old. Imam AHmad RiDa Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho took the child and placed him on the sacred lap of the Great Qutb Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho. Sayyidi ‘Arife-Noori Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho carefully looked at the face of this child for a long time and kissed his forehead and said to the father: “Mawlana! This is a gifted child and a born Wali of ALLAH! As far as Barakat is concerned, he is Abul-Barkat and MuHiyyud-Din as far as Fanaiyyat is concerned. This child will serve the Din extensively and mankind will derive great benefits from him. The vision of this Wali will cherish the hearts of millions and make them steadfast on the Din and from him will flow an ocean of Divine Grace.”
After these glad tidings, the Murshid al-Kamil Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho placed his blessed Shahadah finger in the child’s mouth who began suckling as if being breast fed by the mother. It was as if the great Qutb infused all the Barakat and Secrets of the four major Spiritual Orders at once into the receptive heart of this young and future Ghawth of ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala. The grand Master then initiated the child in the Qadiriyyah Spiritual Order and bestowed on him the Khilafah of 13 Spiritual Orders. They were as follows:
1) Qadiriyyah Barkatiyyah Jadidah
After blessing this child with all these lofty stations, the Murshid al-Kaamil’ala Anho then placed the child on the lap of Ala-HaDrat Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho and said: “Mubarak to you! The Tafsir of the Ayah وَجَعَل لِّى وَزِيراً مِن اَهلِى has now filled your lap.”
This is how the first chapter of this future Ghawth of the Sublime Lord Azzawajal began and at a tender age of 6 months and 3 days he was introduced to this Ummah. After the completion of his external studies, HaDrat Mufti A’zam Qutb al-‘Alam Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho perfected the mystical sciences and Sulook under the Spiritual Guidance of his Murshid al-Kamil Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho.
HIS BISMILLAH KHWANI
At the age of 4 years, 4 months and 4 days the traditional Soofi Bismillah Khani was personally performed by Ala-HaDrat Imam AHmad RiDa Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho. He was then given in the care of his elder brother, Hujjatul-Islam Mawlana Hamid RiDa Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho, to teach him the Nazara of the Holy Qur’an. This astonishing child shocked his brother by completing Nazara of the recitation of the entire Qur’an in just 3 years!
HIS EDUCATIONAL CAREER
After the completion of the recitation of the Holy Qur’an, Ala-HaDrat Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho then handed him over to the able teachers of teachers [Ustaz al-‘Ulama], HaDrat Mawlana RaHam Ilahi Manglori al-Qadiri Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho to study the elementary books of the ‘Alim course. After teaching him for a few months, he said to Imam AHmad RiDa Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho: “I am indeed honoured to teach this future giant of Islam. Your son is a Wali and it is not possible for me to perfect him. It is only your personality that can fulfil this difficult task. However, I will do my utmost best to teach him as much as I can which for me is not an easy task. I am dumb-founded at his memory and intellect.”
Ghawth al-Waqt, Mufti al-A’zam Qutb al-‘Alam, Imam Mustafa RiDa al-Qadiri Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho completed his external studies under 5 Masters. They were as follows:
1) His Father, Imam al-Akbar Ala-HaDrat Imam AHmad RiDa Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho
In 1328/1910, at a young age of 18 years, HaDrat Mufti al-A’zam Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho had mastered 36 sciences of knowledge. Thereafter, for the next 13 years (1328 to 1340) he sat with his illustrious father, the Mujaddid and Qutbul-Irshad Imam AHmad RiDa Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho and mastered the science of Islamic Law (Fiqa).
HIS DEVOTION AND ‘IBADAH
The Qutb, Mufti al-A’zam Imam Mustafa RiDa al-Qadiri Noori Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho from a very young age till the last moments of his life was always engrossed in the remembrance of Almighty ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala. He never missed his daily Salah and always performed it with the Jama’at in the Musjid. This excessive remembrance was so intense that it was often noticed that his lips moved in Dhikr while he was asleep. He sat in long devotions after the Fajr and Maghrib Salahs. He used to perform the Imamat of the Rijal al-Ghayb and Jinns after mid-night. There were instances that people noticed him teaching a group of “amazing” people late after mid-night in the confines of his private chamber . Sometimes people peeped into his private room of ‘Ibadah to see this class in session. Such people were later confronted by the student Jinns in anger and warned not to interfere in their matters when engaged with their Shaykh at night. This confrontation had such an impact on them that they lay sick for days.
The Ghawth Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho was a master of the highly esoteric Dhikr of Sultan al-Azkar. This Dhikr is also known as Dhikre-Ara, the Dhikr of the Saw. This is a highly secret form of Dhikr of the senior Awliya of ALLAH. Years of practice is required to perfect this Dhikr. When the ‘Amil is engaged in this Dhikr, every joint in his body becomes dislodged and the pieces are scattered on the floor bouncing in the ecstasy of the Dhikr of “ALLAH ALLAH”. If anyone unintentionally has to see this then he would think that someone has chopped up every part of this person. But if a person intentionally invades the privacy of the ‘Arif engrossed in this Dhikr, then there is a great chance that he may loose his eyesight or even die. There were 3 or 4 instances in the life of the Murshid al-Kaamil that people unintentionally saw the Master in this state. [In 1994 while I (translator) was attending the ‘Urs-e-Noori in Marehra Sharif, I was summoned to the private quarters of the Sajjadah ‘Arife-Billah Makhdoom Sayyid Hasan Mia Qadiri Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho. In the chamber, there were 2 of us seated in the august presence of the Master. Professor Sayyid MuHammad Amin Mia and I sat with heads bent in absolute undivided attention while the Master, with tears rolling down his cheeks, spoke of the excellence of the Ghawth al-Waqt, HaDrat Mufti al-A’zam Qutb al-‘Alam Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho. The door was closed and no person was allowed to enter while this meeting was in session.
The Soofi Master Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho then mentioned to us of a horrifying experience he had when he was a young boy of about 12 years. At that time the Ghawth, HaDrat Mufti al-A’zam Qutb al-‘Alam Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho was in Marehra Sharif for the Ziyarat of his Peer-o-Murshid’s Mazar. It was about 3 p.m. when his brother, the ‘Arif, Sayyid al-‘Ulama HaDrat Sayyid Ale-Mustafa al-Husaini al-Qadiri Barkati Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho said to him; “Hasan Mia! It’s late and HaDrat has not eaten lunch as yet. Go and see where he is and bring him for lunch.” I (Sayyid Hasan Mia) immediately went to his room and did not find him there. I inquired from some people sitting outside the room and they mentioned that HaDrat went to the Musjid for Zuhr Salah and not returned as yet. So I went to the Musjid which was totally empty and found the inner section doors closed. As I opened the door, I was horrified to find the body of the Ghawth in pieces and every piece of his body was bouncing on the floor reading “ALLAH ALLAH”. I had never seen anything like this before and it had such an impact on me that I instantly became feverish and ran out of the Musjid crying straight to my brother (Sayyid al-‘Ulama). I was hysterical and he grabbed me and asked: “What is the matter? Why are you crying?” All I could tell him in that state of terror was that someone had killed HaDrat in the Musjid. My brother was a great Soofi himself and felt my temperature and understood what had happened. He began praying on me until my condition normalized. After a while we saw HaDrat coming out of the Musjid and I was now even more confused as he was in a perfect normal state.
However, after some time Sayyid al-‘Ulama Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho explained to me about my experience and said: “HaDrat Mufti al- A’zam Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho is a great ‘Amil of Sultanul-Azkar. When you saw his state in the Musjid, he was engrossed in this very Dhikr. He is the pride of our Barkati family and the coolness of the eyes of our grandfather HaDrat Noori Dada Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho.”
HIS ACADEMIC CONTRIBUTION
Ghawth al-Waqt Mufti al-A’zam Qutbul-‘Alam Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho was a prolific writer and wrote numerous books on different subjects of Din. Unfortunately, many were never published and of those that were published, many are out of print. There is some resurgence amongst the present day scholars to locate the Murshid’s books to be printed. Below, is a list of some of his books:
These are some of the contributions of the great Mufti and Wali of ALLAH. He has also left thousands of students, Mureeds and Khulafa, who in turn produced thousands of students that are serving the Muslim globally.
The Roving Ambassador of Islam, Mawlana ‘Abd al-‘Alim Siddiqi al-Qadiri Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho was a close friend of Ghawth al-Waqt Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho and greatly revered him. HaDrat Mawlana ‘Abd al-‘Alim Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho was also a great politician and took an active part in local and international politics. He was very instrumental in abolishing the Hajj Tax then introduced by the Saudī Regime. The introduction of the Hajj Tax infuriated him as it was against the Sharī’ah and affected millions of incoming Hujjaj to the Holy land. It is also ethically incorrect to charge a Hajj Tax on pilgrims who spend thousands and undertake such a strenuous journey only to be welcomed at Jeddah seaport and airport by an unjustified tax instead of being given a warm welcome to the Holy Land as the guest of Allah Azzawajal and His Rasūl Sallallaho Alaihi wa Sallam.
He consulted with the most senior Jurist of the Muslim World, the great ‘Arife Billah, Qutb al-‘Alam, Muftī al-A’zam, Imam Mustafa RīDa al-QaDirī Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho and requested him for an Islamic ruling (Fatwa) on the Hajj Tax. The Grand Mufti issued an Islamic decree in the Arabic language condemning the Hajj Tax as un-Islamic which was later published by the title:
طَردُ الشَّيطَان عَن سَبِيلِ الرَّحْمن اَلمُلَقِّب بِعُمْدَةُ البَيَان فيِ حُرْمَةِ كُوشَان
“Tard al-Shaytan ‘un Sabil al-RaHman al-Mulakkab bi ‘Omdat al-Bayan fi Hurmate Koshan”.
This Fatwa was acknowledged and ratified by many giants of the Islamic World, namely Sadr al-Afadil Mawlana Sayyid Na’īmudīn Muradabadī Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho, Sadr al-Shari’ah Mawlana Amjad ‘Ali al-Qadiri Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho, etc.
Mawlana ‘Abd al-‘Alim Siddiqui Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho took this Fatwa and set out to meet with the King in Hijaz and debated the Hajj Tax and presented the Fatwa. The Fatwa of HaDrat Mufti al-A’zam Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho convinced the Wahabi Clergies and the King then abolished the Hajj Tax, but unfortunately, the Saudi authorities later reinstated this un-Islamic Tax to exploit the pilgrims to the Holy Land.
Ghawth al-Waqt Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho was also a celebrated Poet and the collection of his poetry has been published under the title of Saman-e-Bakh’shish which widely read internationally.
It is amazing to note that wherever you find Sunni Muslims in the world, you ought to find someone amongst them doing work for the Ahle-Sunnah who is either a Mureed or a student of the Mureed of the Ghawth HaDrat Mufti al-A’zam Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho. The list students and Khulafa is too extensive to mention here. However, a short list of his famous Khulafa is give below. The Ghawth of ALLAH Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho had over TWENTY MILLION MUREEDS who are living throughout the world. Isha-ALLAH, I intend to compile a detailed book on my Murshid al-Kamil in due course. Please make Du’a that Almighty ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala grants me the strength to undertake this mammoth task.
A SHORT LIST OF SOME OF THE FAMOUS KHULAFA
The following names of ‘Ulama and Masha’ikh is indeed a very brief list of the many Khulafa of the Grand Soofi Master and Ghawth Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho.
Haramayn al-Sharifan and the Arab World:
1) Qutbul-Waqt Sayyid Amin Qutbi Makki Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho
1) MuHaddith-e-Pakistan HaDrat Mawlana Sardar AHmad Qadiri Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho
1) HaDrat Mawlana MuHammad AHmad Mukaddam al-Qadiri RaDawi MA. [Rector – International Peace University, Cape-Town (IPSA)]
HIS JOURNEY TO THE HARAMAYN AL-SHAREEFAYN
The Ghawth performed his first Hajj in 1323/1905 at the age of 13 years with his illustrious father, A’la-HaDrat Imam AHmad RiDa al-Qadiri Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho. His second trip was in 1364/1945 and the third trip was in 1391/1971. The third trip was a very historic one where all Hujjaj were required to travel with a passport and a valid Hajj Visa. Both these documents had to have the photograph of the traveller. But the Ghawth Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho, from a very young age never took out a photograph because the sacred Shari’ah forbade the taking of photograps . He always strictly followed the Laws of the Shari’ah in all aspects of his life. Since he had made his Niyyah for Hajj and Ziyarah, hence nothing could now stop him to undertake this sacred journey. It was his Charismatic Exploit that the Indian Government and the Saudi Consulate exempted him from the use of a photograph on his passport which was indeed the first time for something like this to happen. Why not, no Law is superior to the Divine law of Almighty Allah Azzawajal and one who adheres to the Divine Law is always Divinely Protected by the Sublime Lord Azzawajal. This was a unique occasion when the world witnessed the Divine Control of Allah Azzawajal and the authority of His Azzawajal Awliya.
In this trip, the Ghawth Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho was accompanied by his wife, his niece, his grandson, the very old servant-lady (Khadima) of his father, A’la-HaDrat Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho and my humble self. This journey was undertaken by ship. The Murshid was welcomed at Jeddah docks by Qutb al-Madina Shaykh Dia al-Din AHmad Siddiqi al-Qadiri Madani Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho, HaDrat Mawlana Shaykh FaDlur-RaHman Madani Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho, the Indian Ambassador and hundreds of Mureeds and followers.
The ‘Ulama of Haramayn Sharifayn, the Arab word and scholars of Din always humbled themselves in the presence of the Ghawth Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho. These dignitaries sat around the Ghawth as students and devotees seeking his grace, Du’as and Asanid [Certificates of Khilafat, Hadith Narrations, Fiqh and Awrad]. Amongst the Makkan ‘Ulama who met with and took Ijazah and Khilafa from the Ghawth were:
– Qutbul-Waqt ‘Arife-Billah Sayyidi Shaykh Amin Qutbi al-Husaini Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho
It was in this trip that the famous MuHaddith of Makka al-Mukarramah, Sayyidi MuHammad ‘Alawi Hasani al-Maliki Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho, received the Khilafat of the consecrated Qadiriyyah Spiritual Order and Ijazah of Narration of the Hadith al-Sharif from the great Ghawth, Mufti al-A’zam Qutb al-‘Alam Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho . I was personally present in this coronation which took place in the home of Sayyidi MuHmmad’s Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho father, Sayyid al-‘Alawi al-Hasani Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho in Makka al-Mukarrama. AlHamdulillah! This humble servant has in his possession the pen and ink-pot which the the Ghawth Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho used to write the Certificate of Khilafat and Hadith al-Sharif.
Sayyid MuHammad Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho followed the Murshid al-Kamil throughout his stay in Makka al-Mukarrama and his ardant love and devotion for the Ghawth was so strong that he even followed him to Madina al-Munawwara. Here, in this sanctified city of the Habib Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho, the Sayyid daily visited the Master for the 31 days he spent here. I am a witness to this as I was every moment in the service of the Murshid and responsible to present tea and refreshments to all the guests. In some meetings Sayyid MuHammad spent hours with the Ghawth Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho. Periodically, I served tea to the Sayyid and every time he moved the tea in front of the Master and sat staring at his luminous face. It was the unique nature of the Ghawth Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho that when he had any association with any Sayyid, he expressed great love and affection to them. Since Sayyidi MuHammad was a progeny of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah Sallallaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam the Murshid compassionately requested him to drink the tea. But the Sayyid refused saying, “I would only drink if you first make the tea Tabarruk by drinking from it.” So the Murshid, with tears rolling down his cheeks, read some Du’a and drank a little tea and passed it on to Sayyid MuHammad. The Sayyid’s face brightened up with happiness and he drank the tea. After some time the Master ordered more tea and the Sayyid would do the same. The Ghawth said that he had already made it Tabarruk the first time and he should now drink it. But Sayyid MuHammad ‘Alawi replied; “If I have to drink tea a thousand times in your august presence, you will have to first make it Tabarruk before I drink it.” This was the extreme love and respect the ‘Ulama and Masha’ikh of Haramayn al-Sharifayn expessed for the great Ghawth of Allah. May the Sublime Lord Azzawajal sanctify their souls and through them, bless us with the sweetness of Iman – Amin thumma Amin.
HIS MARRIAGE AND CHILDREN
Ghawth al-Waqt, Murshid al-Kamil Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho was married to his cousin and only child of HaDrat Mawlana MuHammad RiDa al-Qadiri Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho on 11th May 1911. Mawlana MuHammad RiDa al-Qadiri Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho was the youngest brother of A’la-HaDrat Imam RiDa Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho and received all his education from his big brother. He was a master of ‘Ilm al-Fara’iD (Faculty of Distribution of Inheritance) and all questions (Fatawa) pertaining to this subject that came to A’la-HaDrat Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho was referred to him to be answered. HaDrat Mufti A’zam Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho had six daughters and one son, Anwar RiDa, who passed away at a tender age of 18 months. His progeny survives through his daughters.
HIS WISAL SHAREEF
Ghawth al-Waqt, Mufti al-A’zam Qutb al-‘Alam Imam Mustafa RiDa Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho peacefully departed from this mundane world at the age of 92 on Wednesday night – 1:40 am, 14th MuHarram al-Haram 1402 / 11th November 1981. He was put to rest on the right side next to his illustrious father, Qutb al-Irshad Imam al-Akbar Ala-HaDrat Imam AHmad RiDa al-Qadiri Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho. Although the illustrious Ghawth has physically departed from this material world, but the spiritual beams of his guidance and blessings still manifests as a radiant beacon for Mureeds of the sanctified Qadiriyyah Barkatiyyah RaDawiyyah Spiritual Order.